Urban Planning

1. urban (adj.) [ usually befor noun ] relating to towns and cities, or happening there

    Example: People moved to the urban areas for jobs.

    Example: Urban poverty is on the increase. ─ opposite rural

    rural (adj.) relating to the countryside or in the countryside

    Example: people live in remote rural areas 生活在偏遠地區的人們

 2. con, com = together

     compose (v.) [ formal ] to form something : make up

     be composed of

     Example: Muscle is composed of two different types of protein(蛋白質).

     compose your thoughts to think carefully about something before you decide what to say or do

     compose yourself to make yourself calm after being very angry, upset, or nervous

     (v.) to write a piece of music

     Example: The song was specially composed for their wedding.

     commemorate (v.) to show that you remember an important person or event by having a special ceremony, or creating a special object

     Example: A huge bronze statue commemorating the poet stands in the main square.

     commemoration (n.) something intended to honour and remember an important person or event

     in commemoration of

     Example: She wrote a poem in commemoration of the battle.

     commemorative (adj.) produced for an important event to help you remember it

     Example: a commemorative stamp

     (adj.) done in order to honour and remember an important person or event

     compile (v.) to make something such as a list or book by bringing together information from many different places

     Example: The database was compiled from statistics published ty the Tourist Board.

     compilation (n.) a set of things such as songs or stories produced by different people

     Example: The CD is a compilation of disco hits from the 70s.

     (n.) the process of compiling a book using different pieces of information or facts

     Example: the compilation of a dictionary

3. ini- = begin

    initiate (v.) [ formal ] to make something start

    Example: The company initiated a management training programme for small businesses.

    (n.) someone who has recently joined an organization or group and is learning about it

    initiation (n.) [ formal ] the act of making something start, especially an official process +of

    Example: Youth Councils will be set up for the initiation of these projects.

    initial (adj.) [ only before noun ] happening at the begining of a process, or when you first see or hear about something

    Example: At the initial stage of the project not everyone had access to a computer.

    initial reaction/ response/ impression

    Example: My initial reaction was to panic.

    (n.) the first letter of someone's name, especially their first name

4. bio = life

     biosphere (n.) [ science ] the parts of the Earth's surface and atmosphere where plant and animal life can exist

     autobiography (n.) a book about your life that you write yourself

     biodiversity (n.) the variety of different types of plant and animal life in a particular region

5. di = two

    divide or devide up (v.) to separate people or things into smaller groups or parts

    divide sth into pairs/ groups/ parts etc

    Example: Divide the class into three groups.

    (v.) to separate something into smaller parts and share the parts between people

    Example: Work out how you would like to divide the money.

    divide sth between/ among sb

    Example: After his death his property was divided among his children.

    (v.) to keep two or more areas or parts separate

    divide sth from sth

    Example: the wall that divides the playground and the sports field

    (v.) to do a mathematical calculation to find out how many times a number contains a smaller number

    Example: 10 divided by 2 is 5.

    (v.) to be the cause of disagreement between people, especially within a group

    Example: a subject that divided the nation

    (v.) if a cell in a plant or animal divides, it separates into two cells so that a new cell is formed

    (n.) [ usually singular ] an important difference or disagreement between two people or groups

    divided (adj.)

6. bene- = good

    benefaction (n.) [ formal ] a present of money

    benevolent  [bəˋnɛvələnt] (adj.) [ formal ] willing to help and be generous towards people

    (adj.) used about people's behaviour and actions

    Example: a benevolent smile 和藹的微笑

    benevolence (n.), benevolently (adv.)

    benefactor (n.) someone who helps a person or organization by giving them money

7. mal(e)- = bad

    maladjusted  [͵mæləˋdʒʌstɪd] (adj.) unable to deal with ordinary social situation or relationships

    malicious  [məˋlɪʃəs] (adj.) unkind and showing a strong feeling of wanting to hurt someone

    Example: malicious gossip/ rumours

    maliciously (adv.)

    malaria (n.) a serious illness caused by being bitten by a mosquito, usually in a hot country

8. scope = to look

    horoscope  [ˋhɔrə͵skop] (n.) a descripition of someone's character and the likely events in their life that is based on astrology ( = the position of the stars and the date they were born )

    telescope (n.) a piece of equipment shaped like a tube that you look through to make distant objects look closer and larger

    microscope (n.) a piece of equipment for looking at things that are too small to see normally

    under a microscope

    Example: Although invisible to the human eye, the virus can be seen clearly when examined under a microscope.

    under the microscope if someone or something is under the microscope, people are examining them very carefully

    Example: The whole legal system should be put under the microscope.


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