What they had done, Mrs. Suarez told them, was inexcusable, and she ticked off a list of reasons that made their conduct dangerous and subject to school discipline.

1. inexcusable [͵ɪnɪkˋskjuzəb!] (adj.) inexcusable behaviour is so bad or rude that you cannot forgive the person who behaved like that

    Example: Her comments were highly offensive and quite inexcusable.

    Example: an inexcusable mistake

 I would have investigated and, if there was merit to your charges, would have taken the necessary action.

2. merit  [ˋmɛrɪt] (n.) [ usually plural ] an advantage or good quaility that something has

    Example: I can see very little merit in this approach.

    Example: Lily and Sara were arguing the merits of independence as I sat down.

    Example: To me, one of the great merits of the book is its attention to detail.

    (n.) the good qualities of something that makes you admire it or think it is valuable

    Example: He's not a great writer, though his work does have some literary merit.

    Example: Their ideas are of some merit but there are better ways.

    (n.) a mark that a school student gets as a reward for good work or behaviour

    on ( sb's/sth's ) merit according only to how good someone or something is, not for any other reason

    Example: The successful candidate will be chosen on merit alone.

    judge sb/sth on their own merits

    Example: We should judge her on her own merits rather than on her father's position in the company.

Vincent and Elena seemed to be chastened by Mrs. Suarez's lecture.

3. chasten  [ˋtʃesn] (v.) [ usually passive ] [ formal ] to make someone feel ashamed or less confident 磨練;打擊信心

    Example: She seemed suitably chastened by experience.

However, on leaving her office, Elena told an assistant principal that in similar incident on a television show she learned that direct, dramatic action usuallly gets quicker results than lengthy debate.

4. debate (n.) a discussion in which people or groups state different opinions about a subject + about/ on/ over

    Example: There has been intense debate over political union.

    ( a ) lively/ heated/ fierce/ intense debate

    Example: The proposals provoked a fierce debate.

    be the subject of much/ some debate

    Example: Her books have been the subject of much debate.

    a matter of/ for debate something that people have different opinions about and argue about

    open to debate if something is open to debate, it is not certain or not yet decided because people have different opinions about it

The school would reprimand the boys for their reprehensible appearance and order them to cut their hair or be suspended. 

5. reprehensible  [͵rɛprɪˋhɛnsəb!] (adj.) [ formal ] very bad and deserving to be criticized: worthy of blame

    reprehensibly (adv.)




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