It was not until the phony “doctor” began to gesticulate wildly with his scalpel, that a vigilant nurse was able to detect the fraud.

1. vigilant [`vɪdʒələnt] (adj.) [ formal ] watching a person or situation very carefully so that you will notice any problems or signs of danger immediately

    vigilantly (adv.), vigilance (n.)

2. fraud [frɔd] (n.) the crime of obtaining money from someone by tricking them

    Example: Police are investigating a complex fraud involving several bogus contractors.

    (n.) the action of producing false documents or information in order to get what you want

    Example: electoral fraud

    (n.) someone who pretends to be an official or professional person in order to trick people

    (n.) something that is not what people claim it is, and is designed to trick people

    Example: The whole research programme was an elaborate fraud.

I often marvel as I watch the traffic officer gesticulate at the onrushing cars.

3. onrushing (adj.) moving quickly towards someone or something

    onrush (n.) [ singular ] a sudden fast movement of something towards someone or something

Whenever I can cajole my father into accompanying me, I try to do so.

4. cajole [kə`dʒol] (v.) to persuade someone to do something by encouraging them gently or being nice to them

    Example: I had hoped to cajole them into helping us.

He has only a rudimentary knowledge of the game, and since I am steeped in it, I enjoy explaining its intricate details to him.

5. intricate (adj.) very detailed in design or structure

    Example: an intricate pattern of birds and flowers

    (adj.) very complicated and difficult to understand or learn

    intricately (adv.)

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