1. gen = birth; begin
engender (v.) [ formal ] to cause a feeling or attitude to exist
Example: His handling of the problem engendered respect from all his fellow workers.
2. uti- = to use
utilize (v.) [ formal ] to use something
Example: This room is mainly utilized for training purposes.
Example: What criteria do you utilize in selecting employees?
utility (n.) [ formal ] the state of being useful: usefulness
Example: Tests have proved the utility of this material.
(n.) [ usually plural ] a public service such as gas, water, or electricity that is used by everyone
Example: Does utilities included in the rent?
utilitarian [͵jutɪləˋtɛrɪən] (adj.) designed to be useful rather than attractive
Example: utilitarian funiture
(adj.) utilitarian attitudes or principles are based on the belief that something is morally right if it helps a majority of people
utilitarianism [͵jʊtɪləˋtɛrɪənɪzm] (n.) the belief that something is morally right if it helps a majority of people
3. arch = order; chief; ruler
anarchic [ænˋɑrkɪk] (adj.) behaving in a way that ignores the normal rules or limits of your society or group, especially when this causes trouble
anarchism [ˋænɚ͵kɪzəm] (n.) the political belief that there should be no government or laws
anarchist [ˋænɚ͵kɪst] (n.) someone who believes that there should be no government or laws
anarchy [ˋænɚkɪ] (n.) a situation in which people are behaving in a way that ignores normal rules and laws, and are unable to be controlled
(n.) a situation in which there is no government or no social control in a country
architect (n.) someone whose job is to design building
oligarchy [ˋɑlɪ͵gɑrkɪ] (n.) a country governed by a small group of people. Someone in this group is called an oligarch.
general public 一般大眾
unemployment rate 失業率
The Great Depression 經濟大蕭條